Foreign affair

Holden’s storied export program comes to an end ogram

BARRY PARK

IF YOU weren’t aware of its significance, the Phantom Black Holden Commodore that rolled down the Elizabeth production line on May 5, 2017 would have looked like any other. Sporting a Chevrolet badge, it was destined for export to the US. But peel back its carpets and you’ll discover an underbody covered in the signatures of the people that made it. The reason?

It’s the last car Holden will build in Australia for sale overseas.

Holden’s export business, which officially ended on May 5 with the last Chevrolet SS build, bookends a program started in 1954 with a shipment of FJ sedans to New Zealand. In time, Holden-built cars would sell in countries as far-flung as Finland, Nepal and Ecuador.

Holden’s left-hand-drive program started with a shipment of FB sedans to Hawaii in 1960. The HQ’s arrival in the 1970s produced Holden’s best decade, with 197,288 shipping overseas and seven plants worldwide building them from parts freighted in to avoid heavy taxes on entire cars. In 1981, engines cast at Port Melbourne were added to export earnings.

A turning point was 1984’s introduction of the Button Plan, a scheme that tore down much of the car down much of the car 20 wheelsmag.com. industry’s tariff protection and forced Holden to build vehicles attractive to export markets.

Over time Holden would try everything to improve its export potential, from fitting the n Commodore with a turbocharged Saab four-cylinder to circumvent Asian import restrictions on largecapacity engines, to building fourpot and V6 powerplants for cars as diverse as the Alfa Romeo Brera.

By the late 1990s, exports of the Statesman/Caprice outnumbered domestic sales for the first time.

The 2003 departure of Peter Hanenberger – the former Holden chief credited with transforming the car maker back into a profitable business – heralded a change in strategy that would also aim to boost export earnings.

Holden’s great hope, the 2001 Monaro, failed to fire in the US.

Mike Simcoe, Holden’s former design chief who now heads up GM’s global studio, believes it would have done much better had it worn a Chevrolet rather than a Pontiac badge. Then the global financial crisis hit, killing off Holden’s most lucrative markets almost overnight.

However, Holden, which builds its last Commodore on October 20, won’t be the last to sign off on its export program. Rival carmaker Toyota (see breakout, above) will have that honour.

EXCHANGE RATES 20

Five stand-out Holden exports that defi ned us as a global car maker

01

HOLDEN KINGSWOOD HOLDE KINGSWO

HQ exports peak at 41,181 in 1973 before the oil crisis slammed on the brakes a couple of years later 41 s o

02

CHEVROLET CAPRICE

More than 12,000 a year sold in the Middle East in the mid-2000s before being crushed by the 2008-09 GFC

03

MAZDA ROADPACER

A rebadged Holden HJ Kingswood, fitted with a 1.3-litre Wankel rotary engine, sold in Japan in the mid-1970s , ry 70s

04

PONTIAC GTO

A second-generation Holden Monaro would, in 2006, morph into the fourth generation of GM’s sports coupe M n ph

05

NASCAR CHEVROLET SS

Holden’s plans to revive US flagged reviv exports in 2013 were fla almost a year early in spectacular style