MORLEYíS WORKSHOP

DAVE MORLEY GIVES YOU THE CAR ADVICE YOU NEED Ė AND MAYBE A BIT ABOUT LIFE AS WELL

DAVE MORLEY

SEND YOUR EMAILS TO: uniquecars@bauertrader.com.au or via snail mail at Unique Cars, Locked Bag 12, Oakleigh, 3166. Yep, heís gonna fix you up in no timeÖ

TOOL TALES

Been a tiny bit busy at the Melbourne Bloke looming. least, just walk into the workshop and start spannering. If you have to move the Camira to get to the Torana so you can move the Commodore (thank you Darryl Kerrigan) it aint so convenient.

To tell you the truth, if you ask me, this is where a lot of projects stall: It just becomes so much trouble to get to them, move the junk thatís sitting on them to one side, find the tools you left in the boot last time and then actually start work, that it all becomes too hard. Next weekend. This, folks, is how so many worthy projects become garage shelving, I reckon.

Anyway, ever since buying a hoist, I never leave tools inside the car when Iím finished for the day. Because you can bet your bottom dollar that the exact, specific little double-jointed socket doo-dad you need will be sitting on the dashboard of the car, way up there on the hoist. Bugger itÖ next weekend.

In fact, no matter what Iíve been working on, I always replace tools back in their proper spot inside the tool chest before washing my hands, cracking a coldie or performing the mechanicís victory dance that only we backyard geniuses understand. And you know what? As a result, I reckon Iíve lost one socket uc you ca actua y get do e w e you ave even just an hour or so when the phone isnít ringing and deadlines arenít looming At least it is if you can Centre, but still managed to get a few of those fiddly little jobs done on Her Royal Brownness (check out Our Shed). Actually, itís amazing how much can actually done when have (a 12mm, quarter-inch drive if it matters to you) in the hair-on-the-back-of-yer-somebody is helping themselves to your tools. Donít get me wrong, Iím happy to have mates drop around and make use of the equipment at the MBC and theyíre always welcome, but putting stuff back where you got it from is the golden rule. Fortunately, the majority of the galoots that wander through the MBC share a common denominator of uselessness and are happy to let somebody else get their mitts dirty on their behalf in the Ė often Ė vain hope that Iíll do a better job than they would have.

Thereís one other rule at the MBC: Donít leave your rubbish lying around. If you create an empty oil bottle by tipping its contents down the rocker cover of your car, donít leave the empty at my place. Changed an oil filter have we? Donít leave the old one lurking around my shop where Iím likely to trip over it and spray used 10W40 from one end of the place to the other. And if you must leave whole vehicles here while you wait for parts/summon up the courage to tackle a small job that became a big job/any other reason, then be aware that if theyíre still here in six monthsí time, they become the property of the MBC and its proprietors.

That would be me. t ey e otwo g I think this is why most of us get that niggling, hair on the back of yer neck thing happening when last 20 years. Itís not that the MBC is a picture of order and neatness (quite the opposite actually) but when it comes to tools, they all have a place to sleep when theyíre not working.

Cooltina

Just reading this column and Morleyís comments on the GT500 Cortina. Saw this one at Deloraine car show last couple of weeks.

Note the twin filler necks and welded-up fuel filler at rear. Not sure if genuine, but soo coool (and I am not a Ford guy.) Looks like a real rocket. Wish it was in my garage.

Andrew Taylor, Email

YEAH, THEREíS something about those early Cortinas isnít there? Iím not sure whether the genuine GT500 had the original fuel filler welded up or not.

Some Iíve seen look to have had a small plate screwed on to cover the hole where the cooking model Cortinaís fuel-neck once poked. Maybe somebody from a Ford club can help out.

Thing is, Iím like you Andrew, I couldnít pick a real GT500 from a fake if my life depended on it.

And thatís all the more so these days as the copies get closer and closer to the real thing. But I will say this: I couldnít give a damn whether the car you spotted is a real GT500 or not. Itís Ė as you say Ė coool and Iíd make space for it at the Melbourne Bloke Centre in a heartbeat.

Actually, maybe a copy or replica (call it what you will) is the smart GT500 to have.

At least then you could use it and not worry about it getting a bump here or a scrape there. I mean, have you seen the prices being asked for genuine cars lately?

The other freedom having a replica would provide would be the opportunity to hot it up even further without ruining its authenticity. I got the chance to drive a true GT500 a few years back when UC tackled the great Australia-versus-the-world debate and I have to say it was a genuine hoot. But how much better would it have been with something like the engines the Group N racers use in Cortinas? As in, about 180 horsepower and the ability to rev to 7500rpm or so. Throw in a five-speed and youíd be king of the kids.

LEFT FOR THREAD Ever seen someone struggling to undo the wheel nuts on an old Valiant? If the wheel is on the left-hand side, it could well be that the poor sod is actually tightening them. Valiants used lefthand- threaded wheel nuts well into the 1960s, but only on the left side.

The theory was that the normal rotation of the left side wheels would apply a tightening force to the left-hand nuts. Globally, Mopar brands (but there were others, too) were very keen on this practice.

Thing is, I donít recall the wheels constantly falling off cars without this feature. And how many studs were broken off by hapless owners thinking they had a seized wheelnut and going for the big breaker bar?

First-born twin

Love your work. The redmotor debate is a hoot.

Meantime, Iím not sure about the twin fillers being an idea unique to the Cortina GT. The Cooper S also had them. I believe that the rules at the time only allowed one person to fuel the car at any time.

The attached link may assist: youtube.com/ watch?v=LZiQ4PJSmyo Peter Ellis, Brisbane, QLD

watched the link you sent me and Ė apart from it being a lovely little look into how things were Ė it does in fact point out that only one person can be filling the car during a pit stop. That race was, though, in 1964 and the Harry Firth-designed Cortina GT500 didnít come about until 1965.

And as anybody who has dealt with motorsportís governing body in this country can tell you, 12 months is a long time in motor racing. So maybe the rules were changed about that time; a move that could easily have given Harry the inspiration to fit the GT500 with twin tanks.

Or maybe it wasnít and the move to twin tanks had more to do with keeping an even weight distribution as the race progressed and the fuel load lightened. Hell, maybe it was just Harry being Harry.

That said, the Mini Cooper S certainly did pre-date the GT500 and its fuel-tank layout, and with a launch date of 1961, the Cooper S was a good handful of years before the Firth Corty. But I think the GT500 can still lay claim to being the first Aussie design with twin tanks and twin fillers. The other lovely thing about the video link you sent was the unlikely looking gadgets that were turned into race cars in the day. I mean, was that a Volkswagen Type 3 Notchback I saw rounding turn one? Almost as silly looking is the big, finned Mercedes-Benz 220SE, complete with big upright grille and vertical speedo.

Then again, Harry Firth and Bob Jane did win the Armstrong 500 in one of those in 1961, so enough with the sniggering.

By the way, I stuck my head in at the National Motor Racing Museum at Mount Panorama after the 12-hour a few weeks ago, and thereís a GT500 on display. And you know what? It still looks the business. And if youíve never been to the museum that sits right at the bottom of Con-Rod Straight, then do yourselves a favour.

Ever wondered how Porsche arrived at the iconic Fuchs wheel design? At the same time as the 911 was being brewed up, Porsche was designing a lightweight, air-transportable tank for the German army (youíd reckon it might have learned its lesson there a few years earlierÖ). And the trackrollers for the tracks of those tanks were made by Otto Fuchs using aluminium alloy and a forging process for strength. No brainer.

Stang swap pain

Hi, me again; the bloke trying to put a five-litre Windsor in a 1970 Mustang.

Last issue I asked about headers and thanks for your advice. What I eventually did was bolt the standard cast-iron factory jobs back on. A bit less horsepower, but a lot less brain damage.

This time, Iím wondering about whether I can use the original harness and ECU with my T5 manual box and no body module. Or do I have to immobilise the Smart Lock or what? Do you have any data on that?

email

HARRY, IíLL admit up front here that I know as much about ECUs as my dog knows about astro-physics. She howls at the moon, but she doesnít have the faintest idea why.

Fortunately for you, Harry, fellow UC contributor Glenn Torrens is much more clued up on the topic (despite the fact that I suspect he also howls at the moon).

Way back when, Torrens was project manager on a Street Machine magazine build on the Falcon Ford should have been making but wasnít. It was an EA that was converted to a two-door layout and fitted with a five-litre Windsor from a later model Falcon.

Now, youíll recall that the EA (and the XF before it) are two models tarnished by the fact that they were never offered with V8 engines. So the entire wiring loom and a million other things had to be invented/imagined/built/ jury-rigged to get the Sony Scorcher (as it was known) to work. According to Torrens, the big issue was making the engine talk to the car.

Back in those days (mid-90s) nobody else was tackling a project of this magnitude, so there was no aftermarket support for what Torrens and his team were trying to achieve.

They were dead-set pioneers. In the end, GT resorted to a Holden ECU from a Commodore (a VR, as it happened). He reckons it was the only way at the time to get around the Smart Lock (Fordís thief-busting central-locking and ignition disabler) and get the engine to actually take a hint from the ignition key.

ďWe just couldnít find anybody at the time who could get inside and disable the EEC4 (Fordís name for its electronic control module at the time). So what we had was a car that was constantly looking for a message from the body computer that it had been unlocked and not broken into. And it wasnít getting that message. But by going for a VR Commodore ECU, we were able to find people who could fiddle it.

Not because it was easier to break into, but the popularity of late-model Holden engine swaps into early cars back then meant that there was an industry to support it. Thereís was just a bigger pool of knowledge to wade into.Ē

Fast forward to 2017 and itís highly likely that thereís an aftermarket computer out there that will do exactly what you want it to. And you know what? That might be the quickest, most painless way to go, especially if you can buy it from somebody who has done this type of swap before and can give you a step-by-step set of instructions. Let us know how you go.

ďNOBODY ELSE WAS TACKLING A PROJECT OF THIS MAGNITUDE... THEY WERE DEAD-SET PIONEERSĒ

Diseased & loving it

Love your work Morley, as a long time reader of Unique Cars magazine and longtime Holden enthusiast and racer (I presently race a Group N EH Holden).

I cannot fathom the amount of mail your EJ red-motor discussion is generating! As always, the first thing I do when I purchase Unique Cars is go straight to your column and it never fails to put a smile on my face. The pic of the special-order EJ with the red-motor number plate is a classic.

Keep up the good work, and I can hardly wait for the next issue of Unique Cars to see what else you can unearth in this most interesting disease that we all shareÖthe motor car.

Claude Ciccotelli, QLD

AW SHUCKS, Claude.

Thatís very kind of you. (And can I just point out that Claude is no relation, nor does he owe me money.) Itís great to get feedback, even if itís only so we know what weíre doing wrong here at UC.

Like you, Claude, Iím also amazed at the reaction to the red-motored EJ myth, but, hey, if itís what you guys and gals want to talk about, who am I to argue?

The other topic that has blown me away with the reaction to it, has been the subject of two-stroke diesels. Now, I know this is no truck magazine, but a phat sounding engine is cool no matter what itís mounted in. And along the way, Iíve learned a few things about an engine layout I had previously heard mentioned in passing, but that was about all. So weíre all learning as we go. Perfect.

Dollars and sense

I have been following Morleyís Project Hillclimber build in Unique Cars from its inception. I am intrigued as I wish to go down the same path and compete in hill climbs etc. I reckon hill climbs and sprints are much easier on the vehicle and more fun than track days.

I ask the question though: Would it not have been much easier to buy a vehicle already set up, thus saving money, time and being able to participate much earlier than building one yourself (I have little mechanical experience)? It would be interesting upon completion of Morleyís project to know how much it will have cost and the manhours involved to build it.

Andrew Taylor, Email

ďTHE PIC OF THE SPECIAL ORDER EJ WITH THE RED-MOTOR NUMBER PLATE IS A CLASSICĒ

AH, ANDREW, youíve identified the flaw in my brilliant plan. Youíre dead right: Buying a completed hillclimber with all the work done would, indeed, have been cheaper and a lot less work than the path I chose. And thereís nothing wrong with doing that, especially if, as youíve admitted, you donít have a whole lot of mechanical experience. The fact is that Ė with the exception of historically significant examples Ė a race-car is a

bit like the average boatÖ a big hole you shovel money into. Check the classifieds; a lot of people who build race-cars spend thousand and eventually sell it for hundreds. Itís not even just the car and the actual components, either. Thereís also the workshop gear you need to buy to get the job done.

But, to be honest, building my hillclimber has been great therapy. For me, working on an old car requires using a completely different part of my brain from the Ė tiny Ė bit I normally use day to day. As Iíve said many times before, Iím not a classically trained mechanic, but working on something nice and simple like an old Commodore has taught me new skills and new techniques that Iíll have forever and can use down the track. Also, the actual building of the thing is a large part of the experience for me. I really do get a kick out of making bits and pieces from scratch and marrying up new components to improve the end product.

And I even get to play design engineer by coming up with ways of making it stronger and better.

On a more philosophical level, the fact that Iíve built the thing myself has demystified it for me. This has a couple of ramifications. One is that Iíll feel confident driving it quickly because I know that the really vital bits are in good nick and installed properly (I take my time with those and double-check everything).

Also, Iím going to be less distraught if I bend it or anything does go bang.

Because Iíll know how to put it right, since I did it myself in the first place.

I guess the other reason for doing it from scratch was because it makes for a better yarn in this magazine. It would have been just another one of ĎOur Shedí cars had I simply bought a complete race-car. But by starting from not much more than a paddock bomb and taking it all the way step-by-step, you lot get to see how itís done by a complete weekend warrior.

And we got to showcase some really neat, quality gear from a range of local manufacturers and suppliers; stuff that you can use on your project, Andrew, whether you build it from scratch or start improving on a ready-to-race job.

As for the cost, forgive me if I donít want to think about it, let along add it up. I reckon Iíll be on the track for under ten-grand (but not much under) but since the process has been spread out over a year or more, it hasnít been the, wallet-trashing experience it might have been. As for man-hours, it all depends on how fast you work.

Because Iím a plodder, I reckon Iíve got about a weekís worth of time just in the suspension bushes, so Iím not a good example. As Mrs M would soon tell you; thereís a theme.

Targa Tassie remains one of those must-do events that every self-respecting Aussie revhead needs to attend. Even if youíre not competing, itís a great spectator event and youíll get to drive the same fantastic roads after the competitors have been and gone. There are also vehicle displays so you can get up close to the cars and the drivers at Launceston, Burnie and Hobart. Go to bit.ly/ targatassie TARGA TASMANIA 2017 24-29 APRIL

A lot of folk like to keep their cars under covers, even ones that live in climate-controlled garages.

Fair enough. While itís obvious that you shouldnít cover a wet car, I also recommend that you donít cover a car at all until itís cooled down from a gallop, even if it seems bone dry. For a start, you donít want the cover touching anything hot around the engine or tailpipe, but you might also find that there could be a tiny bit of coolant evaporation (especially on older cars without sealed cooling systems) taking place until the car has returned to room temperature.

A whole life in one magazine

Issue 398 covered off quite a few things for me. The Austin 7 story reminded me of Dadís tales of his own 7.

And those Holden FEs; I had a couple of them. Seeing the 48/215 and the EJ on page 110 reminded me of the same two my parents had albeit the 48/215 was black. It was a lovely car until, someone T-boned it one day at an intersection and wrote it off. The EJ lasted a bit longer; until Dad saw a HG Holden Premier 253 Trimatic for sale in a dealership. It was just 12 months old and too good to pass up. Dad spoke to the previous owner about the car and that was the clincher. Well, that HG is still in the garage at home.

The Capri: Ah what a nice car that was. A mate of mine had a V6, in ice blue . It went well and, the sound of it was like a V8. What a shame the SV6 doesnít sound like that.

As for different things leaving the Holden factory: I worked in the body shop at the Acacia Ridge plant from 1972 until it closed in 84.

The weirdest one I saw was, a three-door L J Torana.

Hyundai Veloster eat your heart out. Everything on LJs lined up together perfectly and this one had one door on the passenger side and two on the driverís side. At the time I thought it was a great concept albeit I would have swapped the sides around. That body, by the way never left the body shop, let alone the factory.

One of the jobs I did there was cut holes out in the floor for the autos and the manuals. These were the same except for those manuals with a bench seat.

They had an extra piece cut out of them. That was to accommodate the bent gear shift. Similar to one I saw in a greeny/blue HR 186 station wagon belonging to a bloke I knew, and factory fitted. I think they used an Opel gearbox in those ones.

I hope that doesnít open up an old wound with some readers.

During the HQ production we cut a hole in the floor which I thought was quite large. It also went down the side of the tunnel. I was told it was for a manual 350. I had cut out the auto ones but, this was the only manual one I had seen. I was told it was for either a Saginaw or Muncie gearbox. Iím not sure which and I never saw it when it came out. Perhaps one of your readers may know a bit more about them. I would love to have some of those cars now, that we made back then, especially my blue LJ Torana GTR, but thatís another story.

seen it in person. Until you, that is. Nice one. The story I heard gels with your account, too, in that the body never made it out of the factory and was quietly taken away and crushed to avoid embarrassment.

Or something along those lines.

As for holes in the floor for manual gearshifts, I recall that some of the HQ commercials had bench seats with floor shifters and they were a dogleg design. My dad had a HQ 253 manual sedan but it had bucket seats and the optional centre console.

So, no dogleg shift. Iíve only ever seen one factory HR four-speed and it, too, had bucket seats. It was an X2, so that would add up.

The point is it didnít have a dogleg shift either.

But I think youíre right when you say the HR four-speeds (rare beasts that they were) did use the wretched old Opel gearbox which was also fitted to early GTR Toranas and even six-cylinder variants of the early Monaros. From what I can gather, the early V8 Monaros used a Saginaw four-speed manual (which could be optioned on to HK-T-G V8 sedans) while the HQ with the optional 350 cubic-inch Chevy engine got a Muncie four-speed. Interestingly, in US-made GM cars, the Saginaw mounts the shifter on the extension housing, but this was moved to the cross-member for Aussie applications.

Meantime, thereís another thing we have in common, Ken: While I was never employed by Holden to do so, Iíve cut plenty of holes in the floors of HQ Holdens. In my case, it was to fit a three-speed Speco shifter to the old all-synchro three-speed.

ĎCos we all knew that a car couldnít be sporty with a column-shift. I got better at it as the years passed, but I recall my first attempt involved a cold chisel. And Iíll tell you something else for free; thereís real metal in the trans tunnel of a HQ; they really took some butchering.

Classic modern category

Can you advise on a modern car that has all the special bits of the Datsun 1600?

Stuff like the independent rear suspension, the gurgle of the motor, good powerto- weight ratio and good handling.

Frank Watson, Queanbeyan, NSW

HMMM, A good question, Frank. From the sound of things, I reckon youíre a bit old school, so we could probably rule out anything with front or all-wheeldrive, correct?

The ones that jump out immediately as fitting your bill pretty closely would be the Toyota 86/ Subaru BRZ twins. These are mechanically identical, small, rear-drive coupes with IRS, brilliant handling and decent power-toweight.

About the only box they donít tick would be the gurgly noises of a four-cylinder on sidedraft Webers, because theyíre fuel-injected and use a flat-four engine layout (Subaru did the design work). Itís not exactly new any more but what about an S15 Nissan 200SX? Rear-drive, grunty turbocharged engine, plenty of engine character and phenomenal handling.

And itís a Nissan. Or maybe a relatively modern BMW E46 coupe or sedan with one of the legendary Ė not to mention tuneful Ė BMW inline sixes on board? Iíd be happy with any of those.

ďI RECALL MY FIRST ATTEMPT INVOLVED A COLD CHISELĒ